Origins of Mirrors and Mirror History

Gershwin’s music was a mirror of its time. The earliest mirrors, some dating to over 3, years ago, were highly polished pieces of bronze or another metal. Later on, in the Middle Ages, the technique of covering one side of a piece of glass with a sheet of reflective metal came into being. Nowadays, mirrors are usually coated with an extremely thin layer of silver or aluminum. While you may use mirrors just to look at yourself in the bathroom each morning, in science they have many important uses. Mirrors are used in microscopes, telescopes, and lasers, as well as in devices that collect light for solar power and the devices that make holograms. For instance, a common type of telescope called a reflecting telescope has a concave mirror curved inward at one end. This mirror, unlike your bathroom mirror, is coated on the front side with the reflecting layer; if light were allowed to pass through the glass first, it could get distorted and interfere with accurate observation. Light waves hitting the curved surface are reflected so that they all come together at a single point—the focus. The larger the mirror, the more powerful the telescope; the very largest ones are over 30 feet 9 meters wide.

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History[ edit ] There probably existed quite a few other types of projectors than the examples described below, but evidence is scarce and reports are often unclear about their nature. Spectators not always provided the details needed to differentiate between for instance a shadow play and a lantern projection. Many did not understand the nature of what they had seen and few had ever seen other comparable media. Projections were often presented or perceived as magic or even as religious experiences, with most projectionists unwilling to share their secrets.

Joseph Needham sums up some possible projection examples from China in his book series Science and Civilization in China [1] Prehistory to CE[ edit ] Main article: Shadow play usually does not involve a projection device, but can be seen as a first step in the development of projectors.

A first surface mirror coated with aluminum and enhanced with first surface mirror coated with aluminum and enhanced with.

YMMV When someone attempts to be a mirror image of another person by standing behind a glass pane, sometimes only an empty frame or a gap in a row of mirrors, copying their movements exactly. Sometimes this is to hide the fact that they have broken the mirror, and they don’t want the other character to find out. In cartoons, this is usually played for laughs with two characters that look nothing alike, with the mark trying to catch the “mirror image” out and the foil managing to pull off a perfectly synchronised act.

If the act is convincing enough to work , expect the mark to attribute glaring differences to simple illness, drinking, or staying up too late. It can also be used very effectively to hide from a pursuer, especially if you happen to be an Evil Twin. Another variant is when two Identical Strangers meet each other for the first time. This is also sometimes done when someone is flawlessly disguised as the person he is impersonating or vice-versa , or even if the impersonator is only wearing a convincing rubber mask but leaving the rest of the body exposed.

A similar setup is used when the character seen by the audience isn’t the character seen by the other characters e. If Bob is hiding in Alice’s body, sometimes the show will continue to show us Bob, but have everyone react like they’ve seen Alice, and the Mirror Routine is a decent way to clarify what’s going on. Unfortunately, since mirrors have traditionally been a way to see through a glamour e. Either Bob is the true person or at least the soul and Alice-in-the-Mirror is what others see, or Bob is what others see and Alice-in-the-Mirror is his true form.

Whichever you use, establish it well.

Inside Roger Federer’s amazing £6.5m glass mansion located in Swiss hideaway

Mirror Facts The concepts of the soul are often associated with mirrors, which results in a wealth of superstition surrounding mirrors. For instance, breaking a mirror causes seven years of bad luck because the soul which shatters with the broken mirror regenerates every seven years old Roman legend. Mirrors also have a strong connection to spirits.

Antique French Beveled Glass Hand Mirror. A beautiful French hand mirror, vanity mirror dating to the early s. The glass features deep beveled edges, and the mirror has been cut in a classic silhouette.

Information on Antique Federal Convex Mirrors Just because a mirror looks like an antique doesn’t necessarily make it so. Reproduction mirrors may have the same shape or style as their true antique counterparts, or a new mirror may be housed in an old frame. Telltale signs of age, such as oxidation and scratches, help determine whether that prized mirror is a reproduction or true antique. Perfectly Imperfect The glass is often an indicator of a mirror’s age.

Modern sheet glass is typically smooth and free of bubbling, thanks to manufacturing techniques that weren’t known in centuries past. Look closely at the mirror glass for a slight waviness or random bubbles within the glass. Any manufacturing imperfections at all may indicate the glass is old, but an imperfection does not necessarily guarantee the piece is antique.

Your Guide to Buying an Antique Mirror

Granted, those are women sharing their experiences, however to be fair, men are experiencing a lot of this as well. Do you find yourself, much like Alice In Wonderland, attempting to peer into or jump through the looking glass, desperate for answers, while the man in your life seems to care less? I get a lot of questions posed to me from the post referenced above.

Newer glass is thinner and gives a whiter reflection than old glass, so test its age by holding the edge of a white card right up against the glass. If the card and the reflection appear to be the same white color, then the mirror was most likely made after

Buyers Guide Introduction to Antique Mirrors Below, you will find all you need to know when considering purchasing Antique Mirrors, with some advice from one of our Antique Dealers and some handy tips from our resident Interior Designer. Expert Antique Dealers Advice Considerations when purchasing an antique mirror Chris Bradford, General Manager at Windsor House Antiques, has been in the antique business for over forty years and specialises in 18th C and 19th C mirrors, below is his top tips to consider when looking at acquiring an antique mirror.

Enhancements – As Chris points out there are a variety of features that will enhance the value and beauty of antique mirrors. In terms of mirrors that feature gliding, establish whether it is original, if it is original it will contribute towards its value. Features that enhance the mirrors value also include carving, the carving on an 18th C mirror is far crisper than that of a 19th C mirror for instance.

A beveled edge is a lovely feature and deemed very attractive, as is the original ball and chains found on the back of convex mirrors, which will only seek to add to their value and originality. Over time the reflective silver mercury found on the back of an antique mirror glass can corrode, a reaction which occurs due to oxidization, this will then appear as cloudy spots on the mirrors glass.

The colour of the mirror glass will also reflect the age of the mirror; the older the mirror glass is the more the colour will appear yellow or grey. Antique mirror frames are most likely to be made from durable woods such as oak, mahogany or walnut. They may also feature a wood veneer or be made from copper, brass or other metals.

The nails, hangers and screws used will also be indicative of the age of your antique mirror. Modern mirrors will feature more uniformed, machine made construction. The back of the mirror may also feature the makers name and origin of manufacture, which will be useful to determine its age. It is important not to be put off if the antique mirror was produced in sections, as this was the only means of production at one point in time.

Antique Mirrors – Buyers Guide

The History of Mirror: Through A Glass, Darkly The mirror has been in existence almost as long as humankind. By legend, the first mirror was formed in the ancient Himalayas when a little brook tarried to rest itself, as if to ponder and reflect upon its course.

Dating peking glass Black mirror is the Go Here in philadelphia, but credit card ft and on fyn, spa, ca. Hire the stack of glass made by spinning a manufacturing date of furnishings is manufactured by.

Museum – Two great galleries to explore. With Glass from all around the world across many centuries, you will see how glass has played a very important part in our everyday life Earth into Light Gallery tells the story of what made St. Helens great from its humble beginnings to its rise a world leader in Glass making. Plus you can find out what the connection is between a cold remedy and classical music. Ever wondered what life was like in a Victorian town?

Step into St Helens past and relive life in the town in the last century. Glass Blowing Or why not try your hand at blowing a glass bauble on one of our Glass Blowing Courses Film Show Experience our amazing special effects film show. It will blow you away!

Origins of Mirrors and Mirror History

The requirements for making a good mirror are a surface with a very high degree of flatness preferably but not necessarily with high reflectivity , and a surface roughness smaller than the wave-length of the light. The earliest manufactured mirrors were pieces of polished stone such as obsidian , a naturally occurring volcanic glass. Examples of obsidian mirrors found in Anatolia modern-day Turkey have been dated to around B. Mirrors made of other metal mixtures alloys such as copper and tin speculum metal may have also been produced in China and India.

Stone mirrors often had poor reflectivity compared to metals, yet metals scratch or tarnish easily, so they frequently needed polishing.

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Could not subscribe, try again laterInvalid Email Horrifying CCTV footage captured the dramatic moment a ‘homophobic’ thug smashed a pint glass into the face of a pub goer who had walking in holding hands with his boyfriend. Anjungi Lam, 35, has been jailed for two years after attacking the victim in a London pub unprovoked. Police said the male victims felt Lam was “motivated by homophobia” as the couple entered the pub holding hands. The victim, 23, and his boyfriend, 20, were at the bar at the Kentish Drovers pub in Peckham, South London, on March 5 when Lam charged towards him and smashed the pint glass against the right side of his face.

The year-old cut his nose, lip, neck, chipped his tooth and injured his cornea in the brutal attack. Anjungi Lam admitted grievous bodily harm and has been jailed Image: Met Police Lam, circled, approaches the victims at the bar Image: Met Police He grabs a pint glass and smashes it against his victim’s face Image:

How to Identify Antique Mirrors

The huge property, for Federer and his family , is expected to be ready before the end of the year. The state-of-the-art three-storey building – called The Residence – is located in Wollerau in Schwyz county, and comes with floor-to-ceiling windows, a swimming pool and large balconies with magnificent views stretching across the lake. It’s believed his parents Robert and Lynette could be the new residents of two luxury apartments being built next to the main home.

Brief History of Antique Mirrors. I will keep this part brief and hopefully not too boring. But knowing the history of antique mirrors can be helpful in dating your antique mirrors or at least dating the mirrors you are considering for purchase.

Draws upon different styles from past eras Art Nouveau Sinuous lines, swirling designs and nature motifs Pewter frames Black lacquered frames Stained glass Early antique mirrors were ornate and elaborately carved, many featuring dark wooden and gilded frames. Gilding involves applying very thin layers of gold or silver leaf to wood or other materials. It gives a very elegant and attractive finish. Mirrors in the early 18th century were sometimes partially gilded on ornate features such as crests.

Specific types of antique mirror include Chippendale mirrors, made by the London cabinet maker Thomas Chippendale. He designed ornate mirrors in the Georgian, rococo, and neoclassical styles. They often featured nature motifs such as birds. Early materials were typically wood, but later frames were made with plaster and known as composition frames.

The History of Mirrors

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Buying and Selling Antiques Antique Dealer with 25 years experience reveals insider secrets of buying and selling antiques and collectibles Antique Mirrors I love antique mirrors and in this article we are going to talk about anything and everything to do with antique mirrors. I might also include some discussions of some classic 20th century mirrors since they are found in many antique stores. Brief History of Antique Mirrors I will keep this part brief and hopefully not too boring.

But knowing the history of antique mirrors can be helpful in dating your antique mirrors or at least dating the mirrors you are considering for purchase. The use of mirrors goes back to the Romans and the Middle Ages. Then a mirror was nothing more than a round piece of metal that was slightly convex and polished to reflect light. Before that, polished stones were used. Metal coated glass was used as mirrors as early as the first century.

During the twelfth century the Venetians perfected the process of backing a piece of glass with a metallic material, usually tin and mercury. By the 16th century, Venice became the center of mirror production. But these were very expensive and considered a luxury for the wealthy. In , Justus von Liebig discovered the chemical process of coating glass with metallic silver. This discovery led to the ability to start manufacturing of mirrors on a widespread basis.

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